Aisea e tatau ai ona faʻamaeʻa maeʻaeʻa otaota moa aʻo leʻi faʻaaogaina?

Muamua lava, o lapisi moa lapisi e le tutusa ma faʻalaʻila fetilaisa. O le faʻalaʻeleʻele toto e faʻatatau i le straw, keke, otaota lafumanu, toega o le supa ma isi mea masani e ala ile pala, faʻapipiʻiina ma faʻagalueina e fai ma fetilaisa. O otaota o manu e naʻo se tasi o mea masani mo le gaosiaina o mea fetilaisa.

Pe faʻamama pe mago otaota moa e le faʻafefeteina, o le a faigofie ona taitai atu ai i le faʻaleagaina o greenhouse fualaʻau, togalaau aina ma isi tino toto faʻatoʻaga, mafua ai tele tamaoaiga leiloa i faifaatoaga. Tatou amata i le vaʻai i tulaga lamatia o lapisi moa otaota, ma aisea e manatu ai tagata e sili atu le aoga o lapisi moa nai lo isi otaota manu? Ma faʻafefea ona faʻaaoga saʻo ma lelei le faʻatanoa moa?

Valu mala e faigofie ona mafua mai i le faaaogaina o moa otaota i greenhouse ma togalaau aina:

1. Mu aʻa, susunu fatu ma fasi laau

A maeʻa ona faʻaaogayina moa faʻaputuga moa, afai e tuu lou lima i totonu o le eleele, o le a faʻateleina le maualuga o le vevela o le eleele. I tulaga ogaoga, o le maliu o flake poʻo le atoa tapunia o le a tuai ai le faʻatoʻaga ma mafua ai le leiloa o galuega totogi ma fatu teu faʻafaigaluega.

Ae maise lava, o le faʻaogaina o moa moa i le taumalulu ma le tautotogo o loʻo i ai le sili atu lamatiaga saogalemu, aua i lenei taimi, o le vevela i totonu o le greenhouse e maualuga, ma o le faʻamuina o moa moa o le a auina atu le tele o vevela, e tau atu i aʻa mu . O moa otaota moa na faʻaaogaina i le togalaau aina i le taumalulu ma le tautotogo, ua naʻo le vaitaimi o le aʻa moe. O le taimi na susunuina ai le aʻa, o le a aʻafia ai le faʻaputuputuina o meaʻai ma fugalaʻau ma fua i le tausaga a sau.

2. Faʻaseseina o le palapala, faʻaitiitia le galueaina o fualaʻau

O le faʻaauau pea o le moa o moa na tuua ai le tele o le sodium chloride i le eleele, ma le averesi o le 30-40 kilokalama o masima i le 6 sikuea mita o moa moa, ma le 10 kilokalama o masima i le eka na matua faʻatapulaʻaina le liu o le eleele ma gaioiga. . Faʻamalosia le faʻapaʻuina o le phosphate, potash fertilizer, calcium, magnesium, zinc, iron, boron, manganese ma isi elemeni taua, e mafua ai le tutupu aʻe o laʻau, o fualaʻau laʻitiiti ma fua o fualaʻau, e matua faʻatapulaʻaina le faʻaleleia o fua o faʻatoaga ma le lelei.

O le mea na tupu, o le faʻaaogaina o le fetilaisa na faʻaititia i lea tausaga ma lea tausaga ma na siitia le tau i le 50-100%

3. Faʻaʻaʻa le palapala ma faʻamalosia le tele o faʻamaʻi rhizosphere ma faʻamaʻi viral

Ona o le pH o moa otaota e tusa ma le 4, e matua acidic ma o le a acidify le eleele, mafua ai i vailaʻau afaina ma ogaoga le faʻaleagaina o le pogai faavae ma aʻa aʻa, maua ai le tele o siama aveina e moa otaota, palapala-mafua mai faʻamaʻi. - aveina siama, siama ma maua ai le avanoa mo le ulufale ma faʻamaʻi, o le taimi lava o le susū ma le vevela oʻo i le faʻamaʻi o le a tupu.

O le faʻaaogaina o le faʻafefeteina o otaota otaota moa, faigofie e mafua ai le mamae o laʻau, mago le samasama, atrophy taofi le ola, leai ni fugalaʻau ma fualaʻau, ma e oʻo lava i le oti; O faʻamaʻi siama, faʻamaʻi pipisi, papala toto, aʻa pala ma le faʻamaʻi o siama o le sili lea ona manino faʻatusatusaina o le faʻaaogaina o otaota moa.

4.Root nonoa nematode infestation

O le otaota moa o se tolauapiga ma nofoaga e faʻatupuina ai nematodes o aʻa. O le numera o aʻa-knot nematode fuamoa o 100 i le 1000 kalama. O fuamoa i moa moa e faigofie ona fofoa ma faʻateleina i le fiasefulu afe i le po.

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Nematodes e sili ona maaleale i vailaʻau vailaʻau, ma latou vave ona oʻo i le loloto o le 50 cm i le 1.5 m, faigata ai ona faʻamalolo. Root-knot nematode o se tasi lea o lamatiaga sili ona mataʻutia aemaise lava mo fale tuai nai lo le 3 tausaga le matua.

5. Aumai ni vailaʻau faʻafomaʻi, e afaina ai le saogalemu o mea tau faʻatoʻaga

Moa fafaga aofia ai le tele o homone, ma faʻaopopo foʻi vailaʻau faʻafomaʻi e puipuia faʻamaʻi, nei o le a aveina i totonu o le eleele e ala i moa moa, afaina ai le saogalemu o faʻatoʻaga oloa

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6. Faia kasa faʻatamaia, afaina ai le tutupu aʻe o fualaʻau, fasiotia fatu

Moa otaota i le decomposition gaioiga e gaosia methane, amonia kesi ma isi kasa lamatia, ina ia le eleele ma faʻatoʻaga maua ai acid faʻaleagaina ma aʻa faaleagaina, sili atu ogaoga o le gaosia o le kesi ethylene taofi o aʻa tuputupu aʻe, o le mafuaaga autu foi lea mo aa mu.

7. Faʻaauau le faʻaaogaina o moa moa, e mafua ai le leai o le okesene i le aʻa

Faʻaauau le faʻaaogaina o moa moa o le moa o le mafuaʻaga o le le lava o le okesene i le aʻa ma leaga le tuputupu aʻe. A faʻapipiʻi le otaota moa i le palapala, na te faʻaaluina le okesene i totonu o le palapala i le taimi o le pala, ma faia ai le eleele mo se taimi le tumau i le hypoxia, lea o le a taofia ai le ola o mea toto.

8. O uamea mamafa e sili atu nai lo le tulaga masani

Moa otaota aofia aofaiga maualuga o mamafa mamafa uamea e pei o apamemea, mercury, chromium, cadmium, taʻimua ma arsenic, faʻapea foi ma le tele o totoe residues, lea mafua ai tele mamafa uʻamea i oloa faʻatoʻaga, eleelea lalo eleele vai ma palapala, umi se taimi mo totoina mea e suia i le humus, ma mafua ai le ova o nutrient leiloa.

Aisea e foliga maualuga ai le faʻatupuina o le eleele ile faʻaputuina o le otaota moa?

E mafua ona o ponaivi o le moa e saʻo, otaota ma miaga faʻatasi, o lona uiga o mea tau totoga o loʻo i totonu o le moa otaota, sili atu i le 60% o le mea totoina mea i le tulaga o uric acid, uric acid faʻamamaina maua ai le tele o elemene elemene, 500 kg o moa moa o le moa e tutusa ma le 76.5 kg o le urea, o le laualuga foliga mai o fualaʻau e tupu aʻe malosi. Afai o lenei ituaiga o mea tutupu tupu i peleue ituaiga po o fualaʻau laʻau fualaʻau, e mafai ona gaosia ogaoga faʻamaʻi tino.

O lenei mafuaʻaga ona o le teteʻe i le va o le nitrogen ma trace elemeni ma le tele aofaʻi o le urea, lea o le a mafua ai le faʻatagaina o eseese ogatotonu ma faʻasologa elemeni e poloka, ma mafua ai laʻau samasama, umbilical pala, fuʻa fua ma maʻi vae vae.

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Sa e faʻafetauiina le tulaga o le susunuina o laʻau poʻo le pala o aʻa i lau togalaau aina po o togalaau aina?

Fertilizer e faʻaoga tele, ae o le fua ma le lelei e le mafai ona faʻaleleia. E i ai ni tulaga leaga? e pei o le maliu o le afa o le umi, faʻamaʻaʻaina o le eleele, mamafa 'au o tagatanuʻu, ma isi. O otaota moa e tatau ona faia i le faʻafefeteina ma le afaina ai togafitiga ae leʻi faʻaogaina i totonu o le eleele!

Faʻalelei ma lelei le faʻaogaina o moa o moa

O le otaota moa o se mea lelei tele lea o le fetilaisa, o loʻo iai le 1.63% nitrogen mama, e tusa ma le 1.54% P2O5 ma le 0,085% potassium. E mafai ona faʻagasolo i totonu o meaola faʻapena e le polofesa faʻalauteleina o mea faigaluega. A maeʻa le faʻafefeteina, o iniseti leaga ma vao leaga o le a aveʻesea ma le oso aʻe ma paʻu o le vevela. O le gaosiga o moa moa faʻapitoa aofia ai fermentation → olopalaina → palu o mea aoga → faʻamamaina → faʻamago → faʻamalulu → suʻega → faʻamamaina ma faʻamau → teuina o oloa maeʻa.

Tafe o le faʻataʻatiaga o meaola

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Faʻagasologa o tafega o siʻosiʻomaga fetilaisa ma faʻatinoina i tausaga taʻitasi o le 30,000 tone

 

Faʻavae faʻavae o laina eletise gaosia fetilaisa

1. E fa tane faʻamuina e tatau ona fausia i le vaega o mea mata, e 40m le umi, 3m lautele ma 1.2m dee-p, ma le aofaiga o le 700 sikuea mita;

2. O le vaega mea mata e tatau ona saunia 320m moli uila;

3. O le gaosiga eria aofia ai se vaega o le 1400 sikuea mita;

4. E toʻa 3 tagata faigaluega e manaʻomia le vaega o loʻo gaosia ai mea, ae 20 tagata faigaluega e manaʻomia ile vaega e gaosi ai;

5. O le vaega mea masani e manaʻomia le faʻatau o se loli forklift tolu tone.

 

O le autu meafaigaluega o moa moa tuuina laina :

1. Laasaga vave fermentation masini o moa moa: mataafi compost turner masini, totolo masini faapalaga turner, e faʻamalosia e le tagata lava ia le faʻavasai masini faʻapaleni, filifili ipu faʻalaʻapeina palasitika masini

2. Tipiina meafaigaluega: crusher mea semi-susu, filifili crusher, faʻatulagaina crusher

3. Palu meafaigaluega: palu faalava, palu tisiketi

4. O masini suesue e aofia ai masini siaki Roteri ma masini siaki gatete

5. Granulator mea faigaluega: faatupu vevesi granulator, tisiketi granulator, extrusion granulator, granulator talipalau Roteri ma le masini faataamilo

6. Masini faʻamago: masini faamago fagu Roteri

7. Masini masini malulu: Masini malulu feʻaveaʻi

8. Fesoasoani mea faigaluega: fafaga aofaʻi, moa faʻamago suavai, masini ufiufi, efuefu aoina, otometi aofaʻi afifi masini

9. Mea e faʻaaoga ai mea tau vaʻai: mea fusipaʻu, lifi pakete.

 

Lautele faatulagaina fetilaisa gaosiga gaosiga gaioiga aofia ai:

1. Faʻatekonolosi lelei o faigata faigata ma siama faʻalauteleina faʻalauteleina.

2.Advanced mea sauniuni tekonolosi ma biolo faʻafefeteina faiga.

3. O le tekonolosi faʻatulagaina lelei o faʻalaʻeleʻele sili ona lelei (o le tuʻufaʻatasiga sili o le gaosiga o oloa e mafai ona fuafuaina faʻatulagaina e tusa ai ma le eleele ma le faʻatoʻaga uiga.

4. Faʻaaogaina talafeagai tekonolosi o tulaga lua faʻaleagaina (otaota kesi ma manogi).

5. Faagasologa tisaini ma gaosiga tekonolosi o fetilaisa laina gaosiga.

 

Mataupu e manaʻomia le faʻalogo i le gaosiaina o moa o moa

Tulaga lelei o mea masani:

O le maeʻa o mea masani e taua tele i le gaosiga o gaioiga o mea faʻapena fetilaisa. E tusa ai ma le poto masani, o le maeʻa o le atoa mea mata e tatau ona faʻafetaui ma nei: 100-60 togi o mea mata e uiga i le 30-40%, 60 togi i le tusa o le 1.00 mm le lautele o mea mata e uiga i le 35%, ma e uiga i le 25% -30% i le lautele o le 1.00-2.00 mm. Ae ui i lea, i le faʻagasologa o le gaosiga, o le tele o vaega o le maualuga o mea lelei e masani ona mafua ai faʻafitauli e pei o le lapopoʻa o vaega ma faʻasologa o vaega ona o le lelei o le viscosity.

Tulaga Matua o le Faʻamamaina o le Moa Faʻafefeteina

E tatau ona faʻamaʻea atoa le otaota o moa i luma o le apalai. O le papala i moa moa ma a latou fuamoa, faʻapea foi ma nisi siama pipisi, o le a faʻagaoioia e ala i le gaioiga o le pala (faʻafefeteina). A maeʻa maeʻa, o le otaota moa o le a avea ma maualuga-lelei faʻavae fetilaisa.

1. Le Matua

I le taimi lava e tasi ma tulaga nei e tolu, e mafai ona e faʻamasinoina le faʻamago moa na faʻafefeteina.

1. E leai a se manogi leaga; 2. Paʻu sinasina; 3. O otaota moa o loʻo i totonu o se tulaga tuʻu mama.

O le faʻamamaina taimi e masani lava e tusa ma le 3 masina i lalo o tulaga masani, lea o le a matua faʻatelevaveina pe a faʻapipiʻi le soʻotaga soʻoupu. Faʻamoemoeina i le siosiomaga vevela, 20-30 aso e masani ona manaʻomia, ma 7-10 aso e mafai ona maeʻa i lalo o fale gaosi tuutuuga tulaga.

2. Sūsū

E tatau ona fetuʻunaʻi mea i totonu ole vai aʻo leʻi faʻamamaina le otaota a le moa. I le faʻagasologa o le faʻafefeteina o meaola faʻalafua, o le talafeagai lelei o le suavai e taua tele. Talu ai ona o le sui sui e tumu i siama ola, pe a fai o le mago poʻo le susu o le a aʻafia ai le faʻafefeteina o meaola niniʻi, e masani lava ona tatau ona teuina i le 60 ~ 65%.


Taimi Post: Jun-18-2021