Faʻafefea ona gaosia ni faʻalaʻila toto mai meaʻai faʻamaʻimau?

Ua faʻateleina le faʻamaʻimauina o meaʻai a o tuputupu aʻe le faitau aofai o le lalolagi ma ua faʻateleina le tele o taulaga. Miliona tone o meaai e lafo i lapisi i le lalolagi atoa i tausaga uma. E lata i le 30% o fualaʻau 'aina, fualaʻau, saito, aano ma afifi meaʻai a le lalolagi e tiaʻi i tausaga taʻitasi. O lapisi meaʻai ua avea ma faʻafitauli tele i le siosiomaga i atunuʻu uma. Tele lapisi o otaota meaʻai faʻaleagaina mafuaʻaga leaga filogia, lea e faʻaleagaina le ea, vai, palapala ma biodiversity. I le tasi itu, o otaota meaʻai e malepe faʻavaomalo e fausia ai kasa oona pei o le methane, carbon dioxide ma isi kasa faʻaleagaina. O lapisi meaʻai na maua mai ai le tutusa o le 3.3 piliona tone o kasa vevela. O otaota meaʻai, i leisi itu, lafoina i lapisi eleele faʻaputuputu o loʻo tele ai fanua, faʻatupuina kesi faʻaputuputu ma efuefu opeopea. A faʻapea e leʻo faʻatautaia lelei le suavai lafoina ile taimi e faʻataʻatia ai eleele, ole a mafua ai le leaga ile lua, eleelea ile eleele ma vai eleelea.

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 O le faʻamamaina ma le faʻamamaina o lapisi o loʻo i ai ni tulaga le lelei, ma le faʻaaogaina atili o lapisi o meaʻai o le a fesoasoani i le puipuiga o le siosiomaga ma faʻateleina le faʻaaogaina o punaoa faʻafouina.

Faʻafefea ona gaosia le lapisi o meaʻai i totonu o le toto fetilaisa.

O fualaʻau, fualaʻau, mea e gaosi mai i susu, cereals, falaoa, lau kofe, fuamoa, aano ma nusipepa e mafai ona faʻatauina uma. Meaʻai faʻamaʻimau ose mea e faʻatauina faʻalaʻitiiti e faʻateleina ai meaola. Meaʻai faʻamaʻimau e aofia ai elemeni vailaʻau eseese, pei ole masoa, cellulose, polotini gaʻo ma masima e leai ni meaola, ma N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, K ni vaega taua. Meaʻai lapisi e iai se paiolo lelei, lea e oʻo atu ile 85%. O loʻo iai uiga o le maualuga o meaola, maualuga le susu ma le tele o mea aoga, ma e maualuga le toe faʻaaogaina. Talu ai o taumafa meaʻai o loʻo i ai uiga o le maualuga o le susu ma faʻamalositino maualalo, o lea e taua ai le faʻafefiloi o otaota fou ma mea faʻapipiʻi, lea e mitiia le tele o le susu ma faʻaopoopo le fausaga e palu ai.

Meaʻai lapisi e iai le maualuga o meaola, faʻatasi ai ma le polotini paleni e 15% - 23%, gaʻo mo le 17% - 24%, minerale mo le 3% - 5%, Ca mo le 54%, sodium chloride mo le 3% - 4%, ma isi

Faʻagasologa o tekonolosi ma isi mea faigaluega e fesoʻotaʻi i ai ma le faʻafouina o lapisi o meaʻai i totonu o le toto

O loʻo lauiloa o le maualalo o le faʻaaogaina o mea e faʻaoga ai 'eleʻele faʻaputuina mafua ai le filogia o le siosiomaga. I le taimi nei, o isi atunuʻu atiaʻe ua latou faʻatuina se lelei lelei le faʻataʻitaʻia o otaota meaʻai. Mo Siamani, mo se faʻataʻitaʻiga, o lapisi o meaʻai e masani ona togafitia e ala i le faʻamamaina ma le faʻamalosi o le anaerobic, ma maua ai le tusa ma le 5 miliona tone o mea faʻalaʻila mai meaʻai i tausaga taʻitasi. I le faʻaputuputuina o faʻamaʻimau meaʻai i Peretania, tusa ma le 20 miliona tone o CO2 faʻamauina e mafai ona faʻaititia i tausaga taʻitasi. O faʻapalaga e faʻaaogaina ile toeititi 95% o taulaga o Amerika. E mafai e le faʻapalaga ona maua ni faʻamanuiaga eseese ole siʻosiʻomaga, e aofia ai le faʻaititia o le faʻafitauli o le vai, ma e aoga tele le tamaoaiga.

♦ Faʻamamaina

O le suavai o le vaega autu lea o le faʻamaʻimauina o meaʻai na faʻaalu mo le 70% -90%, o le faʻavae o faʻamaʻimau meaʻai. O le mea lea, o le faʻamaligiina o le sili ona taua vaega i le faʻagasologa o le faʻaliliuina o meaʻai lapisi i le faʻalauteleina o meaola.

O le meaʻai otaota muamua-togafitiga masini o le muamua sitepu i le togafitia o taumafa lapisi. E masani ona aofia ai Dewatering Systemà Fafagaina Systemà Otometi Faʻavasega Faʻavasegaina mautu-suavai tuuʻeseese Suauu-Vai Separatorà I-vaʻa faamalosia. O le tafe masani mafai ona vaevaeina i laasaga nei:

1. O lapisi meaʻai e tatau ona muaʻi faʻamago muamua ona e tele le vai i totonu.

2. Aveʻesea o otaota le aoga mai otaota o meaʻai, pei o metala, laupapa, uga, pepa, ie, ma isi mea, e ala i le faʻavasegaina.

3. Meaʻai otaota e faʻavasegaina ma fafagaina i totonu o se sikulima ituaiga solid-suavai vavaeʻese mo tuʻimomomo, faʻamagoina ma faʻaletonu.

4. O mea o loʻo totoe i meaʻai e faʻamamago ma faʻamamaina ile vevela maualuga e aveʻese ai le susū tele ma meaola niniʻi eseese. O le maeʻa ma le mago o lapisi meaʻai manaʻomia mo le faʻamanuiaina o faʻamanuiaga, ma le lapisi meaʻai e mafai ona lafoina i totonu o le vaʻa faʻamalosi tuusao e ala i fusi conveyor.

5. O le suavai aveʻese mai otaota meaʻai o se paluga o le suauʻu ma le vai, vavaeʻese e se tuʻueseeseina-suauʻu-vai. O le tuueseeseina suauʻu e gaosi loloto ina ia maua biodiesel po o alamanuia suauʻu.

O le atoa meaʻai lafoa otaota fale ei ai le tulaga lelei o maualuga gaosiga, saogalemu taʻotoga, taugofie tau ma puʻupuʻu gaosiga.

♦ Faʻapalapala

Tane faʻafefeteina o se ituaiga o faʻapipiʻi atoa tane faʻaaogaina maualuga vevela aerobic faʻamalosia tekinolosi, lea suia le tuʻufaʻatasia faaputuga faʻaputuputu tekonolosi. O le tapunia maualuga vevela ma anapogi faʻavasega faʻagasologa i le tane maua lelei-lelei faʻapalapala, lea e mafai ona faʻatonutonu sili atu le saʻo ma sili atu mautu.

O totonu-vaʻa faʻalaʻeleʻele o loʻo faʻaaogaina, ma o le faʻatonutonu o le vevela o le mea taua tele lea i le taimi o le faʻapalaga. O le vave faʻamamaina o faigofie faigofie ona faʻaleagaina meaola e maua e ala i le faʻatumauina o le maualuga o le tulaga o le vevela mo meaola laiti. Ausia le maualuga o le vevela mo le faʻagaoioia o meaola niniʻi ma vao vao e talafeagai. O le faʻamuina o se kiki na amataina e meaola niniʻi o loʻo tutupu mai i meaʻai faʻaleaoga, latou te gagauina lalo le faʻalaʻau, faʻasaʻolotoina mea lelei, faʻateleina le vevela ile 60-70 ° C manaʻomia e fasioti ai pathogens ma vao vao, ma faʻafetaiaʻi le tulafono mo le faʻagaioiga o otaota. O loʻo i totonu ole vaʻa faʻalaʻeleʻele o loʻo iai le taimi faʻataʻavalevale saoasaoa, lea e mafai ona faʻalaʻupaʻuina ai otaota o meaʻai i le 4 aso. Na o le 4-7 aso, ona faʻamatuʻu lea o le faʻapalaga, e leai se manogi, faʻamamaina, ma mauʻoa i mea faʻalautele, ma e paleni lona tau aoga.

O lenei mea e leai se manogi leaga, aseptic organic fertilizer na faia e le composter e le gata na sefe ai le faʻatumuina o eleele e puipui ai le siosiomaga, ae o le a aumaia ai foi ni penefiti faʻamanuiaga.

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 ♦ Granulation

Gfetilaisa faatulagaina fetilaisa faia se sao taua i fetilaisa sapalai fuafuaga i le lalolagi itu. O le ki i le faʻaleleia atili o le faʻatupuina o mea fetilaisa faʻalaila o le filifili lelei talafeagai o le faʻapipiʻiina o le masini faʻalaisa masini. Granulation o le gaioiga o mea e fausia i totonu o tamaʻi vaega, e faʻalauteleina ai mea faʻatekonolosi meatotino, puipuia caking ma faʻateleina tafe meatotino, mafai ai le faʻaaogaina o laititi aofaʻi, faʻafaigofieina utaina, feʻaveaʻiga, ma isi uma mea mata e mafai ona faia i lapoʻa fetilaisa fetilaisa e ala i la matou masini faʻalauteleina fetilaisa O le fua faatatau granulation fua faatatau e mafai ona oʻo atu i le 100%, ma o meaola e mafai ona maualuga i le 100%.

Mo Faifaʻatoʻaga fua faʻatoʻaga, fasi lapoʻa talafeagai mo le faʻaaogaina o le maketi e taua. E mafai e le tatou masini ona faʻatupuina fetilaisa faʻalaʻau ma eseese eseese, pei ole 0.5mm-1.3mm, 1.3mm-3mm, 2mm-5mm.Faʻaolaina o faʻalaʻila fetilaisa saunia ni auala sili ona aoga e palu ai minerale e fausia ai se tele-nutrient fetilaisa, faʻatagaina mo tele teuina ma afifiina, faʻapea foi ma faʻafaigofieina faʻatautaia ma faʻaoga. E faigofie ona faʻaaoga le faʻalautelega o le granular organic, e leai se manogi leaga, o vao, ma pathogens, ma ua lauiloa le latou vaega. I le faʻatusatusaga ma otaota o manu, latou aofia ai 4.3 taimi sili atu nitrogen (N), 4 taimi phosphorous (P2O5) ma sili atu i le 8.2 taimi sili atu potasiuma (K2O). Granular fetilaisa faʻaleleia le eleele olaola e ala i le faʻateleina humus maualuga, tele eleele faʻatinoina faʻailoga ua faʻaleleia atili: faʻaletino, vailaʻau, microbiological eleele meatotino ma le susū, ea, vevela pulega, ma faʻaputuga fua.

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♦ Faʻamago ma malu.

Faamagoina Roteri talipalau & masini malulu e masani ona faʻaaogaina faʻatasi i le taimi o laina eletise faʻapipiʻi. O le vai anotusi o le fetilaisa fetilaisa ua aveʻese, o le vevela o granules ua faʻaititia, ausiaina le mafuaʻaga o sterilization ma deodorization. O laʻasaga e lua e mafai ona faʻaititia ai le leiloa o mea aoga i granula ma faʻaleleia atili le malosi o le vaega.

♦ faamama ma afifi.

O le suʻesuʻega o le tuʻuʻeseʻeseina o na fetilaisa faʻalaʻila eletise e leʻo agavaʻa ua maeʻa uma e le Masini suʻe talipalau Roteri. O le fetilaisaila fetilaisa faʻatauina atu e toe faʻagaioia, ae o le mea lea o le a faʻapipiʻiina le fetilaisa faʻalafuamasini afifi otometi.

Faʻamanuiaga mai meaʻai faʻatau otaota

O le faʻaliliuina o lapisi o meaʻai i totonu o meaola faʻalafua e mafai ona maua ai penefiti ma le siosiomaga penefiti ia e faʻaleleia atili ai le soifua maloloina o le eleele ma fesoasoani e faʻaititia ai le eleele ma faʻaleleia le suavai. E mafai foi ona gaosia le kesi faʻanatura ma le biofuels mai le otaota o meaʻai na toe faʻaaoga, e mafai ona fesoasoani e faʻaititia ai kesi oona emissions ma faʻalagolago i fualaʻau suauʻu.

O le faʻalelei fetilaisa o le mea lelei sili lea mo le palapala. O se lelei mafuaʻaga o meaʻai fualaʻau, e aofia ai le nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium ma micronutrients, e talafeagai mo le tuputupu aʻe o laʻau. E le gata e faʻaititia ai faʻamaʻi o laʻau ma faʻamaʻi, ae faʻaititia ai foʻi le manaʻomia o vailaʻau eseese ma vailaʻau.Maualuga-lelei fetilaisa fetilaisa o le a faʻaaogaina i le lautele lautele o fanua, e aofia ai faʻatoʻaga, faʻatoʻaga faʻatoʻaga ma i fugalaʻau felanulanuaʻi i nofoaga faitele, lea o le a aumaia ai tuusaʻo foi tamaoaiga penefiti i tagata fai.


Taimi Post: Jun-18-2021